What is Neurodevelopment?
Neurodevelopment is the maturing process of body and brain communication.
The upper brain is where we have conscious thinking and learning. Our lower brain is basically in charge of automatic reactions in our body. These two parts of the brain need to connect and mature together. If they do not, splintered development can occur. In splintered development one or more of the areas of mental, emotional, physical or social function is less matured or delayed and may not be in sync with the other areas. This causes frustration in the individual with these differences and confusion in those trying to help or relate to the person.
The lower brain can misread sensory-motor information from the body and send in emergency signals to the upper brain. The upper brain is often not conscious of the bases of these signals. As a result, anxiety, fear, controlling behaviors, apathy and many other thoughts and feelings may be experienced.
The autonomic nervous system which calms and excites our body-brain system may get out of balance. The functioning of the autonomic nervous system greatly affects our behavior and ability to learn.
Neurodevelopment can be disturbed throughout life.
Here are just a few ways neurodevelopment can be altered:
Position in utero
Trauma before or during birth
Issues with immature reflexes
Cycles of failure or trauma
Outcomes of neurodevelopment concerns
Some neurodevelopmental differences have been categorized and labeled.
Others are unique to the individual:
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder with or without Hyperactivity